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Places of interest

Due to its long history and natural structure, Samos has several monuments and archaeological sites worth visiting.

The Eupalinian Aqueduct

Designed in the 6th century by the mechanical engineer Eupalineus. Its length is 1026 metres, and it goes through a 246-metre mountain. Its purpose was to supply the area of Astypalaia, modern-day Pythagoreio, with water from a spring located outside Mytilinioi.
The reason for the project’s prominence and fame, even to this day, is that it was constructed by two separate teams of labourers working simultaneously in the north and south, and meeting at the centre of the tunnel, with very little divergence. That is considered a huge achievement for its era, and an important factor in the development of science. It is located 2 Km outside of Pythagoreio, and can be accessed by car or on foot; visitors may walk along certain parts of the aqueduct.

The Temple of Hera

The site of numerous temples dedicated to the goddess Hera. The temple was destroyed and rebuilt several times. The site was very important for a time, and visitors from all over Greece travelled here, bringing votive offerings. It is located 4 Km from Pythagoreio, and is accessible by car.




The Cave of Pythagoras

The cave is located at the foothills of Kerkis and is where Pythagoras sought refuge when persecuted by the tyrant Polykratis, who accused him of corrupting the youth. Another version names the cave as Pythagoras’ sanctuary, where he came to reflect. It is at Mt. Kerkis, 3 Km from the Plains of Marathokambos.



The waterfalls at Potami

The waterfalls are 3 Km from Karlovasi and accessible by car. The last part of the journey is on foot, down a luscious riverside path, leading to a small lake, a 50-m swim through which will take you to the spectacular waterfalls.






Archaeological Museum of Samos (Vathy)

The Archaeological Museum of Samos is located in Vathi. It consists of two buildings, the Old Museum (Paschaleio Archaiofylakeion) built in 1912 and the new one that was built in 1987 and houses a collection of ancient sculptures.

The New Museum contains the following collections:
- Archaic Sculpture
- Pottery Bronzes
- Ivory objects
- Wooden items
- Clay figurines
- Small objects




 Pythagorion archaeological Museum

The collection has been housed in the ground floor of the Town Hall since the beginning of the century. The building was restored after World War II and in 1993 some interventions were carried out on the east facade.

It contains the following collections:
- Archaic stelae
- Portraits of Roman emperors
- Relief funeral banquets
- Pottery spanning the period between the 9th and the 2nd centuries B.C.


Ecclesiastical-Byzantine Museum in Vathi

Housed in the Cathedral and the Church as an ecclesiastical library of the Samos city. There are concentrated relics belonging to the monasteries of the island, such as manuscripts, films, books, gospels, sacred objects, old pictures and icons, crosses, reliquaries and vestments.




Museum of the Aegean's Natural History – Paleontological Museum of Mitilini on Samos

Although the Museum is still very young, its collections are constantly being enriched and it has nearly 600 paleontological findings, 300 kinds of minerals and rocks, 350 kinds of shells and fishes, 40 kinds of birds, 30 kinds of animals, reptiles of Samos and 3,000 herbs of the Greek flora in the form of a Herbarium.



Historic and Folk Museum of Karlovassi

The Historic and Folk Museum of the Municipality of Karlovasi was founded in 1994. The collections and the exhibits displayed cover a period from the last 30 years of the 19th century up to mid-20th century, approximately 1955, the departing point of development and changes which resulted in actual Samos. The exhibits show both the urban and the rural way of life of the island in this period of time.




Tannery Museum, Karlovassi

This unique museum in Greece is the reflection of Karlovassi’s wellness under Ottoman domination and until the 2nd World War. It displays the main industries of the time, being tannery and tobacco, which propelled Karlovassi’s development.




For more information, you can also visit:

To Find more about history of Samos island, please click here

Karlovassi 83200, Samos Hellas
T. +30.22730.30400, F. +30.22730.34471
MHTE 0311K014K0073200
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